Population growth and economic development in Africa by Seminar on Population Growth and Economic Development (1969 : University of Nairobi)

Cover of: Population growth and economic development in Africa | Seminar on Population Growth and Economic Development (1969 : University of Nairobi)

Published by Heinemann Educational for the Population Council in London .

Written in English

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  • Africa -- Population -- Congresses.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references.

Book details

Statementedited by S.H. Ominde and C.N. Ejiogu.
ContributionsOminde, Simeon Hongo., Ejiogu, Charles N.
The Physical Object
Paginationxxii, 421 p. :
Number of Pages421
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21550764M

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The relationship between population growth and growth of economic output has been studied extensively (Heady & Hodge, ).Many analysts believe that economic growth in high-income countries is likely to be relatively slow in coming years in part because population growth in these countries is predicted to slow considerably (Baker, Delong, & Krugman, ).

In this book, a model of long-term interrelationships between income distribution, population growth and economic development is developed and estimated from data for 54 countries.

The results indicate that a reduction of income inequality leads to lower fertility and mortality, › Economics › Population Economics. Additionally, high population growth puts pressures on the soil by decreasing the time it is allowed to lay fallow; pastures land declines and the result is over grazing, which in turn causes in creased friction between farmers and herders.

Inter-relationship between population growth and socio-economic development At present, how to develop industries is a burning issue in Africa, where population growth remains high and economic development has thus far failed to provide sufficient jobs for many, especially yo   Population growth helps the process of development in certain ways and hampers it in certain other ways.

This is so because the relation­ship between population growth and economic development is intricate, complex and interacting. On the positive side, an increasing population means an increase in the supply of labour— a basic factor of   growth and economic growth seem randomly associated; in addition, variations in population growth (ranging from 1 to 4 percent over the period ) are small relative to variations in economic growth (from -2 to 10 percent).

Assuming population growth decreases economic growth one for one (ie, additional people 1 - Population Growth. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA REPORT UNITED NATIONS Intra-African migration is a catalyst for economic growth Population growth and economic development in Africa book structural transformation.

It contributes to gross domestic product, employment, trade, poverty reduction and inclusive growth. The Economic Development in Africa Report Migration   The conclusion that rapid population growth has slowed development is by no means straightfor-ward or clearcut (see Box ).

Under certain condi-tions moderate population growth can be benefi-cial. As Chapter 4 showed, in Europe, Japan, and North America economic growth has been accom-panied by moderate population growth, which   prospects for economic development if their population growth slows.

As national populations move toward replacement-level fertility—an average of slightly more than two children per woman—both governments and families should improve their capacities to invest in the health of each child, the Population growth and economic development in Africa book of each student and the output of each Economic growth is an automatic process.

Unlike economic development, which is the outcome of planned and result-oriented activities. Economic growth enables an increase in the indicators like GDP, per capita income, etc.

On the other hand, economic development enables improvement in the life expectancy rate, infant mortality rate, literacy   ADVERTISEMENTS: Population Growth and Economic Development of a Country.

When population grows faster than GNP, the standard of living of the people does not improve. In fact rapid population growth has been obstructing economic growth in developing countries like India where since population has been growing at a relatively high rate.

In Table [ ] This study note covers aspects of economic growth and development in South Africa. The South African economy has been described by economist Ruchir Sharma in his recent book Breakout Nations as “a developed market wrapped inside an emerging market".

Two decades on from the formal end of the old apartheid regime, the South African economy can The economic benefits alone of a stable population are so obvious that the absence of a united policy boggles the mind.

In South Africa, young job seekers enter the job market each year, completely obliterating slight gains in job availability which fluctuate year on ://   1. Dev South Afr. Feb;8(1) Population policy in South Africa: a critical perspective.

Klugman B. PIP: The argument in this article is that population growth and the concept of balancing resources against population growth is flawed when the context, in this case South Africa, is gross inequalities in resource :// 2 days ago  This book is Open Access, click here to download.

Includes 16 country case studies which collectively represent nearly three-quarters of the sub-Saharan African population Analyses welfare, living conditions, and poverty reduction Contributions from local and international experts who identify and explain trends in monetary and non-monetary poverty and their links to growth While the economic   Economic Growth in Africa and development, population and reproductive health, and African economic develop- be burdened by rapid population growth for several ://   Population Growths and Economic Development The process of population growth is exogenous in order to process income generation, accumulation, technical progress and institutional change (Srinivasan, ).

The relationship between population growth and economic development has been the main concern in the recent decade.

Thomas Malthus One example of the impact of population on economic growth can be seen in Detroit, where the local infrastructure suffered dramatically as people moved away. The city filed for bankruptcy in and used the freedom from debt to reinvest in the local ://   Third, population growth and urbanization go together, and economic development is closely correlated with urbanization.

Rich countries are urban countries. No country has ever reached high income levels with low urbanization. Population growth increases density and, together with rural-urban migration, creates higher urban agglomeration.

And   The population growth rate has been slowing, however, from peak annual rates in excess of 2 percent in the late s, to about 1 percent currently, to half that by Although global income per capita more than doubled, life expectancy increased by 16 years, and primary school enrollment became nearly universal among children during   Population Growth and Economic Development: The National Academies Press.

doi: / In parts of Africa, sparseness of population itself may be responsible for some of these difficulties, but this explanation is implausible for such countries as Ethiopia or Kenya Obviously, slowing population growth is not a substitute for This result is consistent with Dao() who carried out a research on population growth and economic growth too using data from 43 developing countries and concluded that there is a negative   Population ageing thus may be exercising a negative impact on economic growth.

While many problems such as congestion, pollution, and slum settlements are caused by urban growth in contemporary developing countries, cities are often described as engines of Effect of Population Growth on Economic Development in India.

his theory in the book “Essay on the. I examine Pakistan's case of population growth and economic development. Between   Population and Development Review seeks to advance knowledge of the relationships between population and social, economic, and environmental change and provides a forum for discussion of related issues of public tion and Development Review is published quarterly.

The journal contains: Articles on advances in theory and application, policy analysis, sociographic studies, and   population growth and economic development by conducting an exhaustive review of the literature.

The study reveals that although a steadily growing population might seem to be an obstacle to a country’s economic development, most of the countries have accepted the   Tanzanias population at the last census () almost tr’ iples the size in (first post independence population census).

At a rate of growth of percent per annum, the national average population growth rate ranks as one of the fastest in the world and translates to   5 Population Growth and Economic Development: Causes, Consequences, and Controversies The Basic Issue: Population Growth and the Quality of Life Population Growth: Past, Present, and Future World Population Growth throughout History Structure of the World's Population The Hidden Momentan of Population Growth   WASHINGTON, Octo — The population in Africa is rapidly expanding, and by the region will hold an estimated billion people.

With the right policies and actions, countries in Sub-Saharan Africa can reap a tremendous demographic dividend from this growth to propel an economic takeoff, according to a new World Bank :// Thus, in order to have any net population growth and eventual economic development, fertility rates had to be elevated (Latimer and Kulkarni, ).

After the independence ina successful population census was carried out in Nigeria inwhich an estimated population of million people was taken into ://   5 Population Growth and Economic Development: Causes, Consequences, and-Controversies ' The Basic Issue: Population Growth and the Quality of Life Population Growth: Past, Present, and Future World Population Growth throughout History Structure of the World's Population The/Hidden Momentum of Population Growth   I – An Overview of Sustainable Development in Africa - Emmanuel Kwesi Boon ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) Finally, viable strategies are recommended for effectively tackling the environmental and SD crisis in Africa.

Introduction Since the Second World War, economic development in the world has witnessed a   - GROWTH rate: important when there are other producible inputs (capital).

Example: Japan and Kenya - Japan: between andpopulation growth – a low rate of % per year - But population density in was very high, per squared kilometer. - Kenya, population growth over was very high, % per notes   The Role of Population on Economic Growth and Development: Evidence from Developing Countries Atanda, A.

A., Aminu, S. B., & Alimi, O. Abstract The precise relationship between population growth and per capita income has been inconclusive in the literature and the nexus has been found not clearly explain the determinants of rapid population   ii interpretations; and the Impact of rapid population growth on health and other socio-economic development.

In the absence of relevant text and reference books that /health_science_students/   Some of the growth models show that population growth is detrimental to economic growth. Others show population growth as a major contributor to growth.

For example, recall from Chapter 4 that Thomas Malthus and other Classical economists predicted eternal poverty because any growth in real income causes population growth, which then invariably Economic development is a process of structural transformation with continuous technological innovation and industrial upgrading, which increase labor productivity, and accompanied improvements in infrastructure and institution, which reduce transaction costs.

From: Advances in the Theory and Practice of Smart Specialization, Download as :// The turbulence – both economic and political – in parts of the continent in recent years has doubtless been a shock, but it has not derailed Africa’s growth story.

The IMF still forecasts that Africa will be the second-fastest growing region in the world between and with annual growth of %. What the past five years have   Consensus Study Report: Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of s typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s ://   economic growth ­ thus Tanzania with an urban growth rate of percent, or Mozambique, percent, but economic growth rates of and ­ percent, all in the eighties).

Of course, aggregation of the groups of five may have produced some of the. 2 Economic Development in Africa Report A. AFRICA’S SERVICES ECONOMY AND WHY IT MATTERS FOR THE CONTINENT Africa’s services sector holds tremendous economic promise.

It contributes to almost half of the continent’s output, and a number of African countries have emerged as services-oriented economies. Indeed, growth in services has   the urban share of Africa’s population has doubled from 19 to 39 percent, equivalent to an increase of more than million people in This means that Africa will have some of the largest mega-cities in the world.

With a large population, Africa can harness and build on the expanded workforce to spur economic ://’s. But it is possible that the effect of population growth on economic development has been exaggerated, or that no single generalization is justified for countries differing as widely in growth rates, densities, and income levels as do today's less developed ://

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